含有词根-tain的动词们maintain,contain,attain,和 retain

-tain这个词根,它本身有抓握的意思,类似英文中的hold。

有很多经常使用的英文单词都以这个词根为基础

例如:maintain,contain,attain,和 retain。

1.maintain=前缀main+tain

保持,维持;供养

 

例句1:It has always been her deepest desire to maintain her youthful appearance. 

例句2:The allowance (补贴金) can only cover the basic costs for maintaining a child. 

 

例句1翻译:她一直深深地渴望维持自己年轻的容颜。(maintain: 维持)

例句2翻译:补贴金只能够覆盖养活一个孩子的基本费用。(maintain:供养)

扩展记忆:前缀main表示hand(手),所以maintain的字面含义就是to hold in your hand,即抓在你的手里,很小心保护的样子,也就由此引申出了保持,供养的含义。

2. contain=前缀con+tain

包含,容纳

 

例句1:Some mushrooms contain deadly poisons.

例句2:Ireading creates and presents reading materials that contain texts, graphics (图画), and voice-overs (配音).

 

例句1翻译:有些蘑菇是有毒的。

例句2翻译:爱阅读制作并呈现既含有文本和图画也含有配音的阅读材料。

扩展记忆:前缀con表示全部,所以contain就可以在字面上理解为握住全部,这样是不是就很容易记住它包含,包括的内涵了呢?

3. attain=前缀at+tain

努力获得,达到

 

例句1:Here is your opportunity to attain your goal. Snatch it.

例句2:You shouldn't try to attain your goals by unjust (不公正的) means

 

例句1翻译:这是你达到自己目标的机会。抓住它!

例句2翻译:你不该使用不公正的手段来达到目标。

扩展记忆:正如介词at表示在某个地点一样,词缀at表示在近处。那么attain即字面上指在距离较近的地方抓紧某物,因为这样的东西值得自己努力获得或达到。 所以呢,诸如goals, aims, dreams, others' respect 等等,都是值得你去用力attain哒 ^_^o 。

4. retain=前缀re+tain

保留;保存,存储

 

例句1:A lot of information can be retained in your laptop. 

例句2:If you store your rice in a warm place, it can retain its heat for a while. 

 

例句1翻译:你的电脑里可以保存很多信息。

例句2翻译:如果你把米饭放在温暖的地方,它就可以维持一阵子它的热量。

扩展记忆:我们在解释reclaim(夺回)时介绍了前缀re的意思,大家还记得吗? 没错,re指的是back(回,返回),也可以理解为再次,所以retain的字面含义就是再次握住,引出它保留,保存的含义。

 

语言小tip:

这些单词都可以和control(掌控)搭配

比如:

retain control of…(保留对…的掌控),

maintain control of(维持对…的掌控),

reclaim control of (夺回对…的掌控)。

好啦,以上就是讲解的内容,下面大家做做练习来maintain大家对知识的理解吧!  

小练习

1.After being on a diet (节食) for two months, she finally ______ her ideal (理想的) weight.

A  contained  B  attained    C  retained 

2. In order to lose weight, she tried to avoid(避免) food that ____ a lot of fat (脂肪).

A  maintains  B  contains    C  attains 

3. They barely made enough money to ____ the four children in their family.

A  retain  B  maintain    C  attain

答案往下翻

考试真题

在近几年全国和各地中高考、CET4、CET6中,含有词根“-tain”的词语多次出现,

下面有几个例子:

Saturated fats (饱和脂肪)are fats principally found in meat and dairy products, although some nuts and vegetable oil also contain them. (CET6, 2017)

Research suggests that there is a close relationship between retaining customers and making profits. (上海高考,2011)

Teachers have constantly updated their knowledge in order to maintain their professional competence. (江苏高考,2011)

答案1-3:BBB

 
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